According to a report compiled by a Soviet committee set up to investigate the camp, ex-prisoners estimated that several tens of thousands of people were murdered in the camp. They died of hunger, exhaustion, illness, the cold, abuse, medical experiments or in mass murders or public executions. In 1941 at least 12,000 soviet prisoners of war, including many Jews, were killed during the testing of 'gassing vehicles' and an installation for shooting prisoners in the back of the neck. In 1942, this lead to the erection on the industry yard of a more permanent structure with a gas chamber, execution chamber and a crematorium.
In analogy to 'Tower A' , the entrance to the camp, the SS cynically named
the new building 'Station Z' and it was first used in 1942 to shoot and kill 250
Sachsenhausen concentration camp 1936 -
The ideal concentration camp
A concentration camp for the capital city of the "Reich"
Evacuation, death marches, liberation