Concentration camp Sachsenhausen was built in the summer of 1936 by prisoners from the Emsland concentration camps. It was the first camp to be built after 'Reichsführer SS' Heinrich Himmler was put in charge of the German police in July 1936. The new concentration camp was designed and planned by SS architects to be the ideal camp. It was to express the world view of the SS in its architecture and at the same time symbolically subdue the prisoners to the absolute power of the SS. Sachsenhausen concentration camp took on a special position in the system of NS concentration camps. This was highlighted by the move of the concentration camp inspectorate's administrative department from Berlin to Oranienburg. The inspectorate was responsible for all of the concentration camps within the German realm of power.
Between 1936 and 1945, more than 200,000 people were imprisoned in
Sachsenhausen. At first the prisoners were political opponents of the national
socialist regime, then came the people declared by the national socialists to
be racially or biologically inferior and from 1939 onwards, increasing numbers
of citizens from occupied European countries were transported to the camp.
Sachsenhausen concentration camp 1936 - 1945
The ideal concentration camp
A concentration camp for the capital city of the "Reich"
Evacuation, death marches, liberation