1933 – 1934 Oranienburg concentration camp

In March 1933 a regional SA regiment established a concentration camp in a disused factory building in the centre of Oranienburg. In the three months after the National Socialists seized power, Oranienburg concentration camp took on a key role in the persecution of the opposition in Berlin – the capital city of the 'Reich'. Around 3000 people were held in the camp until its closure in 1934 and at least 16 prisoners were murdered by the guards.

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1933 – 1934 Oranienburg concentration camp
A concentration camp in the middle of town
A concentration camp for Berlin’s regime opponents
Everyday life
The closure of the camp